What is Immigration And Why do People Immigrate?

What is Immigration?

Immigration is the movement of people into a destination country to which they are not native or do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.

What are Migrants or Immigrants?

When people during their migration cross national borders, they are from the perspective of the country which they enter, called migrants or immigrants (from Latin: migrare, wanderer). From the perspective of the country in which they live, they are called emigrants or outmigrants. Sociology designates immigration usually as migration (as well as emigration accordingly outward migration).

Why do People Immigrate?

Immigrants are motivated to leave their former countries of citizenship or habitual residence for a variety of reasons, including a lack of local access to resources, a desire for economic prosperity, to find or engage in paid work, to better their standard of living, family reunification, retirement, climate or environmentally induced migration, exile, escape from prejudice, conflict or natural disaster, or simply the wish to change one’s quality of life. Commuters, tourists and other short-term stays in a destination country do not fall under the definition of immigration or migration, seasonal labor immigration is sometimes included.

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